domingo, 13 de novembro de 2011

Afghanistan: Half of women in prisons are there for "moral crimes," EU documentary deemed too dangerous to women to be shown

"Amnesty International says it is important to "lift the lid on one of Afghanistan's most shameful judicial practices." That shameful practice is part of Sharia, under which four witnesses must support allegations of a sex crime. Thus, a woman making accusations of rape opens the door to charges of adultery if she has not obtained the necessary witnesses, in accordance with Qur'an 24:13.

Such a rule may not be officially on the books yet, but Sharia is enshrined as the highest law of the land in Afghanistan, and the constitution says nothing can go against it. It is already being enforced in practice, and any prospective reforms will come up against protests in the name of protecting the integrity of Islamic law.

"A decade after the Taliban were overthrown, Afghan women are still waiting for justice," because of fantasy-based policy-making that proceeded on the assumption that a moderate state would more or less fall into place once the Taliban were moved out of the way. Moreover, there certainly appears to have been the assumption that "real" Sharia would be a vast improvement over "Taliban" Sharia. That is also the fruit of politically correct, fantasy-based policy.

"EU censors own film on Afghan women prisoners," by Orla Guerin for BBC News, November 10:

The European Union has blocked the release of a documentary on Afghan women who are in jail for so-called "moral crimes".
The EU says it decided to withdraw the film - which it commissioned and paid for - because of "very real concerns for the safety of the women portrayed".
However, human rights workers say the injustice in the Afghan judicial system should be exposed.
Half of Afghanistan's women prisoners are inmates for "zina" or moral crimes.
A statement from the EU's Kabul delegation said the welfare of the women was the paramount consideration in its decision.
No official from the delegation was prepared to be interviewed about the film.
No new dawn
Some of the women convicted of "zina" are guilty of nothing more than running away from forced marriages or violent husbands.
Human rights activists say hundreds of those behind bars are victims of domestic violence.
Amnesty International says it is important to "lift the lid on one of Afghanistan's most shameful judicial practices".
The documentary told the story of a 19-year-old prisoner called Gulnaz.
After she was raped, she was charged with adultery. Her baby girl, born following the rape, is serving her sentence with her.
"At first my sentence was two years," Gulnaz said, as her baby coughed in her arms. "When I appealed it became 12 years. I didn't do anything. Why should I be sentenced for so long?"
Stories like hers are tragically typical, according to Heather Barr, of Human Rights Watch, who is carrying out research among Afghan female prisoners.
"It would be reassuring to think that the stories told in this film represent aberrations or extreme case," she said. "Unfortunately that couldn't be further from the truth."
She has interviewed many women behind bars, who were victims twice over - abused by their husbands, or relatives, and then by those who were supposed to protect them.
"You hear the story again and again of women going to the police and asking for help and ending up in prison instead," Ms Barr said.
A decade after the Taliban were overthrown, Afghan women are still waiting for justice, campaigners say.
Ms Barr said: "It's very important that people understand that there are these horrific stories that are happening now - 10 years after the fall of the Taliban government, 10 years after what was supposed to be a new dawn for Afghan women."
For many that new dawn has not come, but for Gulnaz there is now the hope of freedom.
Her name is on a list of women to be pardoned, according to a prison official, but as she has no lawyer, the paperwork has yet to be processed.
Gulnaz's pardon may be in the works because she has agreed - after 18 months of resisting - to marry her rapist.
"I need my daughter to have a father," she said.

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Mensagem de boas-vindas

"...Quando um voluntário é essencialmente um visitador prisional, saiba ele que o seu papel, por muito pouco que a um olhar desprevenido possa parecer, é susceptível de produzir um efeito apaziguador de grande alcance..."

"... When one is essentially a volunteer prison visitor, he knows that his role, however little that may seem a look unprepared, is likely to produce a far-reaching effect pacificatory ..."

Dr. José de Sousa Mendes
Presidente da FIAR